Not sure what that says about Clara Barton (pictured) and Louisa May Alcott, who both signed up. Like the private diaries of the Tennesseans mentioned above, personal letters reveal much about life during the Civil War. Union nurses were paid 40 cents a day, and they had to work at least three months. Once you have finished reading all of the letters, use the information to respond to the questions provided on your "Life of a Civil War Soldier" handout. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. According to Cokie Roberts, author of Capital Dames: The Civil War and the Women of Washington, 1848-1868, they had access not just to their powerful husbands, but they could also call on other important men and casually give their opinion about things, which could seriously affect policy and decisions. And during the Civil War, people still fell in love and got married, some of them remarkably quickly, because war tends to have that effect. As the Herald puts it, "The deprivation, hunger, disease, violence, and loneliness suffered by the soldiers of this war on both sides was eased somewhat by these women." There wasn't much of a to-do when they were. Large armies affected livelihoods through demanding shelter and supplies whist travelling from place to place. Charles's secret pacts and encouragement of supporters to break their parole caused Parliament to debate whether to return the King to power at all. The Ohio State University reports she was never far from her husband's side during the war, in case he wanted to discuss how it was going, which he often did. The opposing parties were the supporters of the then monarchy of Charles I and the Parliament. This was even true of slavery. According to Encyclopedia Virginia, once the conflict started, enslaved men would be taken from their homes to build military fortifications, work for Confederate officers, or sent to factories. And for many of them, they were entering the workforce for the first time and doing the jobs of men. It was the first time in American history that women were allowed to be a significant part of a war effort. These women were called "camp followers," and the Cape May County Herald says some of these women followed their husbands to war. English Civil Wars Quick Facts Those who still supported Charles's place on the throne, such as the army leader and moderate Fairfax, tried again to negotiate with him. The Union alone had 183,000 recorded cases of STDs, and you have to assume there were lots of men who didn't seek medical attention or died before they could. The Gunpowder Plot failed, but the English Civil War would later claim the life of a king. Life During the English Civil War: The English Civil War was also called the Great Rebellion. Please be as descriptive as possible well there was really no middle class at the time as they did not really develop until industrialization in the Georgian/Victorian eras. Only four states had formal relief agencies, and there was no national organization for the Confederacy. Charles I came to the British throne in 1625. Women had a 14 percent promotion rate, 4 percent higher than men. "The conflict ripped Spain apart," according to Smithsonian. As a result, some women only supported the cause more, while many were broken and encouraged their men to desert the army and come home. It took little time for an army to alter a landscape by the sheer mass of its presence. In other words, a woman during the American Civil War had it pretty rough. For the Royalists, the nickname is fairly simple in origin. After a period of phony war late in 1642, the basic shape of the English Civil War was of Royalist advance in 1643 and then steady Parliamentarian attrition and expansion. So what was life like for normal people? > Life During the English Civil War. This influx changed society. But their loss to a plantation wasn't considered as bad as that of an able-bodied man. Frances Clayton (pictured on the right as "Jack Williams") served alongside her husband. And during the Civil War, domestic duties like cooking and laundry were still a necessity, so women came along to do them. The Spanish Civil War was anything but civil. But the war gave women responsibility and independence they never had before. As for the fighting, well, the battles on their doorsteps were bad enough. Using his wartime connections, he placed his son in the elite Westminster School.Between 1652 and 1667, John Locke was a student and then lecturer at Christ Church, Oxford, where he focused on the standard curriculum of logic, metaphysics and … Like any war, the English Civil War affected families by the deaths of thousands of young men who were husbands, fathers, and sons. At a time when the women's rights movement was in its infancy, and they were generally expected to stay home and be quiet, it was hard enough for any ladies to become activists. But white women managed to make it work, mostly. Elizabeth Van Lew's family owned slaves, but even as a kid, she wasn't down with that. Two lessons, one that looks at the types of soldiers who fought in the Civil War and the other that looks at the impact of the war on the lives of ordinary people using the famous painting by W. F. Yeames alongside various worksheets, includes a written and role play task on the image. Prostitutes were a huge part of the Civil War (as seen in Gone with the Wind), but they probably got left out of your high school history book for some reason. The English Civil War: Failure of the Monarchy & Rise of Theocracy, The English Civil War and Failure of Charles' Monarchy, The English Civil War and the Rise of Cromwell's Theocracy, The Stuart Period in England: Events and Timeline, The English Reformation: History and Timeline, The Glorious Revolution of 1688: Events and Significance, The Rise of the Dutch Republic & Their Golden Age: History & Timeline, The Thirty Years' War & the Peace of Westphalia: Summary & Significance, Queen Elizabeth I and England's Golden Age, The British Enclosure Movement: Definition & Overview, The French Revolution of 1848: History, Causes & Events, The French Wars of Religion: Catholics vs. the Huguenots, Maggie, a Girl of the Streets: Summary, Themes & Analysis, The Commercial Revolution: Economic Impact of Exploration and Colonization on Europe, Colonial Mercantilism: Definition, History & Effects, The Causes of the French Revolution: Economic & Social Conditions, Causes of the American Revolution: Events & Turning Points, The Scientific Revolution: Definition, History, Causes & Leaders, Peter the Great & the Westernization of Russia: Facts & History, CLEP Western Civilization I: Study Guide & Test Prep, Western Civilization I: Certificate Program, History 100: Western Civilization from Prehistory to Post-WWII, English 103: Analyzing and Interpreting Literature, Environmental Science 101: Environment and Humanity, Psychology 105: Research Methods in Psychology, Biological and Biomedical Greenhow's devotion killed her in 1864, when she drowned, weighed down by the gold in her pockets meant to fund the Confederates. Overall, they served with distinction. Historians estimate that at least 7% of the whole population perished. Families were split when different members devoted their allegiances to … The war also caused the price of slaves to skyrocket, so there was a greater chance they would see their children sold and families broken up. She spent a whole night searching the woods for the right kind of roots and herbs, and once she found them, she boiled up a bitter drink that saved the lives of many soldiers with dysentery. Instead, they spent their time gathering supplies for the troops and working as activists and nurses. But there were less well-known spies, as well. Their homes were burned. Services, The English Civil War: Summary, Causes, Effects & Timeline, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Poor white women didn't have such a great time of it, though, as the war made their economic hardships even worse. As Charles’ forces were largely … The life of a woman during the Civil War was difficult, painful, and full of change, and as a result, history is full of incredible, inspiring, and heartbreaking stories. Beauregard. To be fair, no one really knows how many white war widows there were, but based on how many soldiers died and how many were married, the estimate is about 200,000 in four years. Free. They took to fighting, spying, nursing, and following soldiers as they wandered around a divided America, killing each other. Women usually had to wait for very specific circumstances before they could make a break for it. Only one way what was life like in the english civil war n't considered as bad as that of an able-bodied man she,! That women were allowed to be, for obvious reasons Union general William Sherman. Areas, were Royalists and supported the South forced to flee with their masters from the encroaching army. 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