The Didactic poem comes from the Greek word didaskein (which means "to teach."). While he originally wrote the poem to celebrate Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee in 1897, Kipling revised it in 1899 to exhort the American people to conquer and rule the Philippines. With sixty seconds’ worth of distance run, Rudyard Kipling was an English author famous for an array of works like 'Just So Stories,' 'If' and 'The Jungle Book.' Context; Paraphrase; Analyze; Personification If you can dream -- and not make dreams your master (Second stanza) Dreams were like masters who can control our lives. Since Rudyard Kipling’s poem ‘If—’ was first published in Kipling’s volume of short stories and poems, Rewards and Fairies, in 1910, it has become one of Kipling’s best-known poems, and was even voted the UK’s favourite poem of all time in a poll of 1995. Repetition is likewise present in this poem as Kipling used the phrase “if you” all throughout the poem. And lose, and start again at your beginnings Enter your email address to subscribe to this site and receive notifications of new posts by email. I have a particular fondness for “If,” which kept my mother warm (metaphorically speaking) during three years of Nazi prison. • Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. Previous Next . Complete summary of Rudyard Kipling's If. … Ideals expressed in Rudyard Kipling’s classic poem “If” can and must inspire ours and future generations ATLANTA, GA, February 14, 2012—All Things If, an online literary magazine devoted to the ideals expressed in Kipling’s “If”, announces their inaugural writing contest, “IF you can write…”. ‘If —‘ by Rudyard Kipling: About the poem The poem ‘If’ by the India-born British Nobel laureate poet Rudyard Kipling is a poem of ultimate inspiration that tells us how to deal with different situations in life. If you can wait and not be tired by waiting, Rudyard Kipling was a pitiless, xenophobic imperialist, the nineteenth century's chief apologist for imperialism. From the description of Rudyard Kipling collection. Rudyard Kipling was born in Bombay, India, on 30 December 1865. In this case, dreams are assumed to have had a human role/quality; that is being a master. Jameson was arrested and tried, but he was already being hailed a hero by London, which was filled wit… I have a poor ear for poetry, but this has always been one that’s struck me to my core. Rudyard Kipling was born in Bombay, India, in December of 1865. IF you can keep your head when all about you Are losing theirs and blaming it on you, If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you, But make allowance for their doubting too; The song of the exiles / (as sung by one of them). The reputation of Rudyard Kipling, a literary legend in Britain for 50 years, has survived generations of critics determined to write him off as a jingoistic Little Englander.. "The White Man's Burden" is a poem by the British Victorian poet and novelist Rudyard Kipling. The poet in his poem is providing an inspirational insight for the readers to remain humble, soft, and tender and avoid the extremes and live up to all the opportunities of life wherever one can muster any joys of life. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Form: The poem is divided into four stanzas of eight lines, the stanzas seem to come in "units" of two lines each, showing balance.This poem is considered to be a Didactic poem. We should not lose our temperament even if others are blaming us for their fault.Losing the temper does not solve a problem, rather intensifies that. First up I want to thank everyone who entered this contest Even though it is an everybody wins contest and so no one loses it is still not easy to place everyone and I have tried to get it as right as I can. One of my favorites and still relevant today. Context; Paraphrase; Analyze; Form: The poem is divided into four stanzas of eight lines, the stanzas seem to come in "units" of two lines each, showing balance. Rudyard Kipling: Poems study guide contains a biography of Rudyard Kipling, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis of select poems. Rudyard Kipling wrote this poem in answer to a question from his son about when the son would be a man. By Rudyard Kipling. The poet presents many examples of what could happen to the average Joe or the above average Joe, but each Joe responds in either the most noble way or he doesn’t. Stoicism looms large in Kipling’s poem – that is, the acknowledgment that, whilst you cannot always prevent bad things from happening to you, you can deal with them in a good way. Rudyard Kipling, den berømte engelske forfatter, kunne have talt om hvilken som helst af de tolv medlemsstater i Fællesskabet, da han skrev : » Frankrig har sin styrke i jorden. Except the Will which says to them: ‘Hold on!’. John Lockwood Kipling, a sculptor and pottery designer, was the … If by Rudyard Kipling. Or being hated, don’t give way to hating, If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Computed Name Heading. In Rudyard Kipling's time, India was part of the British Empire, which sought to bring together the entire subcontinent under one rule of law and had a great deal of influence on cultural and political norms there. He received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1907. Get an answer for 'What is the historical context of The Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling? Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading The Complete Works of Rudyard Kipling (100+ with active table of contents). Traductions en contexte de "Rudyard Kipling" en allemand-français avec Reverso Context : "Wenn", von Rudyard Kipling. Rudyard Kipling was an English poet who lived from 1865-1936. And what are those virtues? If you can keep your head when all about you Name : It is important to remain humble and live with pride. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Depending on the literary history and the time period, Kipling has been seen as either an exclusively South African poet (Warren 415), or “as little of an imperialist as Conrad” (Fowler 337). Accuracy. In his fiction, however, he seems to stretch in ways that his public persona never could. Yours is the Earth and everything that’s in it, But the syntactical balance in the poem is also noteworthy: one idea is introduced in the ‘if’ clause, and then a further clause turns that idea or trope on its head. 1900-1940]. And stoop and build ’em up with worn-out tools: If you can make one heap of all your winnings In 1870, Kipling was taken back to England to stay with a … Rudyard Kipling (30 December 1865-18 January 1936) was a British author and poet best known for his works of fiction The Jungle Book (1894), Kim (1901), many short stories, including The Man Who Would Be King (1888); and his poems, including Mandalay (1890), Gunga Din (1890), and If (1910). If you can force your heart and nerve and sinew This poem is considered to be a Didactic poem. Kipling knew Jameson, and recorded in Something of Myself: ‘Among the verses in Rewards was one set called “If” … They were drawn from Jameson’s character, and contained counsels of perfection most easy to give.’ However, it would be easy to overstate the role that the Jameson raid had on ‘If—’, and it would appear that Kipling’s (posthumously published) memoir is the first time that this link is mentioned. This is summed up well in the referencing to meeting with triumph and disaster and ‘treat[ing] those two impostors just the same’ – in other words, be magnanimous in victory and success (don’t gloat or crow about it) and be dignified and noble in defeat or times of trouble (don’t moan or throw your toys out of the pram). Library of Congress McClure 9) and thus lived during a time, when Britain was the most powerful country in the world adding over 10 million square miles and 400 million people to its empire only in the 19th century. But make allowance for their doubting too; There are suggestions here and there (references to a gambling game, descriptions of interacting with common people and kings), but overall this poem doesn't really describe really any specific places. 2. In this episode we take a look at "If" by Rudyard Kipling. Kipling’s reputation as a poet and novelist has varied according to fashion: regarded widely in the late-19th century as an unofficial poet laureate of the British Empire, he was later criticised for vulgarity and jingoism. In short, the power of ‘If—’ lies not solely in its ‘ifs …’ but its ‘ifs … but withouts …’. (cf. Although he was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1907, his political views, which grew more toxic as he aged, have long made him critically unpopular. He also wrote many children's stories. (i.e. Depending on the literary history and the time period, Kipling has been seen as either an exclusively South African poet (Warren 415), or “as little of an imperialist as Conrad” (Fowler 337). :). If Historical Context Rudyard Kipling This Study Guide consists of approximately 22 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of If. Rudyard Kipling: Poems Darwin Meets Kipling: The Context of Modern Civilization in "The White Man’s Burden" Allan Ezekiel Were College The White Man’s Burden Name Institution The White Man’s Burden Kipling’s poem, “The White Man’s Burden” (1899) conveys several themes depending on different readers’ interpretations of the poem, and one’s point of view. • December 30, 1865 was the birthday of Rudyard Kipling.. Our big rifle sale at Elk Creek Company ends at 5 PM Pacific Time on Wednesday, January 6th, 2021.We’ve already had more than $15,000 in orders since ordering resumed on December 26th, depleting our inventory. 2 pages at 400 words per page) View a FREE sample. If you can fill the unforgiving minute Keeping the head cool makes us think wisely to face those tough situations, and ultimately a solution comes out.We should have the faith in ourselves, even when other… E-mail Citation » Gives the best sense of Kipling’s stature as a national poet, and of the nature of his political influence. Featured Shared Story . Rudyard#Kipling#(186571939)#was#an#English#short#storywriter,#poet,#and#novelist.#He#is# best#knownfor#The#Jungle#Book#(1894).#As#Kipling#was#writing#in#Victorian#England,#“If”## (1910)may#be#representative#of#the#ideal#qualities#of#a#“properEnglishman”#during#that# time.##! Reflections on Peace by Sir Michael CaineThe rights to the audio content in this video belong to the respective copyright holders. Critical opinion of Rudyard Kipling, his imperialism, and his oeuvre has radically changed in the last century. Is the tone (academic, casual, etc.) Jameson intended to rouse the British expatriates living in the Transvaal to rise up against the Boer government, but his fellow Brits showed no inclination to revolt. Instead, Jameson’s bungled military action helped to create the climate that would lead to the Second Boer War a few years later. She was taught the poem in English by her father, a Frenchman. His father was an artist and teacher. Rudyard Kipling is one of the best-known of the late Victorian poets and story-tellers. This is one of the poems in the iGCSE poetry anthology. This is a great question! The British Empire. ! Indian Summer: Kipling's view of imperialism was a more complex one than his single, famous line quoted often out of context, 'Oh, East is East and West is West and never the twain shall meet.' Poems of this type are meant to teach the reader about something very specific. "If—" is a poem by English Nobel laureate Rudyard Kipling (1865–1936), written circa 1895 as a tribute to Leander Starr Jameson. Kipling, Joseph Rudyard, 1865-1936, author. Everybody wins in this contest. Rudyard Kipling was born in 1865 in Bombay, in the same year as W. B. Yeats but at the opposite end of the British Empire. Short Summary of “If” by Rudyard Kipling. „If“ – Rudyard Kipling „Nicht alle können alte Menschen sein“ – Andrej Dementjew „To any reader“ – Robert Louis Stevenson „Люди пишут, а время стирает…“ – Samuil Marschak „Мы любим тех…“ – Unbekannt „Умом Россию не понять“ – Fjodor Tjutschew Rudyard Kipling in Context. Rudyard Kipling was born in Bombay in 1865 (cf. 'The issue is not a mean one. The poet conveys his ideas about how to win this life, and after all, how to be a good human being. If you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue, If you can think—and not make thoughts your aim; This structure is found throughout ‘If—’, and gives the poem an almost chant-like quality. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. Are there spelling or grammatical errors? 3/3 - Critical opinion of Rudyard Kipling, his imperialism, and his oeuvre has radically changed in the last century. Rudyard Kipling in Context. If neither foes nor loving friends can hurt you, To be a good human being and to succeed in life, we should keep calm when other people around us are losing their cool. The poem, first published in Rewards and Fairies (1910), ch. The Complete Works of Rudyard Kipling (100+ with active table of contents) - Kindle edition by Kipling, Rudyard. As a boy, he took pleasure in the work of Ralph Waldo Emerson and Wilkie Collins. Translations in context of "by Rudyard Kipling" in English-Russian from Reverso Context: Kim (1901) by Rudyard Kipling concerns the Anglo-Russian Great Game of imperial and geopolitical rivalry and strategic warfare for supremacy in Central Asia, usually in Afghanistan. Name Components. And treat those two impostors just the same; https://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/kipling_rudyard.shtml Traduções em contexto de "rudyard kipling" en inglês-português da Reverso Context : It's from the jungle book by. By Rudyard Kipling Aims This worksheet should help you to carry out a close reading of the poem understand the wider context of the poem understand the content, including unusual vocabulary in the text analyse the way the poet has used language, including the use of literary devices and techniques Rudyard Kipling is one of the best-known of the late Victorian poets and story-tellers. “If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster And treat those two impostors just the same;” Stanza 2 This is called personification becaus “If” is used to stress the possibility of finding oneself in that situation, while “you” is used to emphasizes of owning up and taking responsibility. The raid was intended to start an uprising among the British expatriate workers in the South African Republic, but there were complications and it was a failure. The Didactic poem comes from the Greek word didaskein (which means "to teach."). John Keats • Alfred Lord Tennyson • Percy Bysshe Shelley • Henry Wadsworth Longfellow • William Butler Yeats • William Blake • Rudyard Kipling • Roald Dahl • Khalil Gibran • Paul Laurence Dunbar • Kabir • Robert W Service • Philip Larkin • Dylan Thomas • Henry Lawson • Anne Sexton • … It is a literary example of Victorian-era stoicism. And never breathe a word about your loss; Print Word PDF. If online, are any of the links dead? Though he And so hold on when there is nothing in you In the flesh, guilty: at one time or another, he was all of these things. In the racially troubling and deeply insensitive poem ‘The White Man’s Burden,’ Rudyard Kipling brings up themes of racial superiority, discrimination, and colonialism.. Read in a contemporary context there are numerous questions and concerns that should be raised about this work. Complete. It’s like a self-help book in verse, offering practical common-sense advice. He received the 1907 Nobel Prize in Literature. Interesting Literature is a participant in the Amazon EU Associates Programme, an affiliate advertising programme designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by linking to Amazon.co.uk. Home / ... Kipling's "If" is written in iambic pentameter, that most famous of English meters. Rudyard Kipling is one of the best-known of the late Victorian poets and story-tellers. But the poem appeals even to those not in the business of literary criticism or analysis. Buckingham, UK: Open University Press, 1992. [citation needed Kipling Papers - Wimpole Archive, 1735-1992 University of Sussex Library: referencedIn: Kipling, Rudyard, 1865-1936. These wise words can be applied even now, almost a hundred years after they were penned, and by a greater audience than the one originally intended. If you can bear to hear the truth you’ve spoken Nice little essay. For instance, consider these two lines from the second stanza, where dreams and thoughts/thinking are discussed: If you can dream—and not make dreams your master; England's best-loved poet drove his wife to a breakdown. 'Brother Square-Toes,' is written in the form of paternal advice to the poet's son, John. Alice (one of the four noted MacDonald sisters) was a vivacious woman, of whom Lord Dufferin would say, "Dullness and Mrs Kipling cannot exist in the same room." Rudyard kipling. The cruel side of Kipling. Log In. Are losing theirs and blaming it on you, This is more or less correct. If Historical Context. This section contains 500 words (approx. ‘If—’ is a classic example of anaphora in English poetry: that is, the repetition of the same word or words at the beginning of successive clauses – in this case, of course, ‘If’. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. Your IP: 185.27.141.117 Interesting. appropriate for your project? Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Rudyard Kipling's famous poem, If, was inspired by Leander Starr Jameson, a military leader who led a failed raid on the Transvaal Republic in 1895. English Rudyard Kipling, the famous English author, could have been writing of any one of the twelve Member States in the Community when he said: 'The strength of France is in her soil. And risk it on one turn of pitch-and-toss, To serve your turn long after they are gone, This iconic poem is expressed plainly enough so that close textual analysis is by no means necessary to understand it – but the syntactical and rhetorical rhythms and patterns Kipling sets up are worthy of commentary. Credible. Rudyard Kipling. Although he was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1907, his political views, which grew more toxic as he aged, have long made him critically unpopular. An extract from ‘If—’ is inscribed above the tennis players’ entrance at Wimbledon. This Study Guide consists of approximately 22 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of If. It’s almost a code to live by, a mantra – or, as one poet suggested, a distillation of the Bhagavad Gita into English. Rudyard Kipling was born in Bombay in 1865 (cf. A summary of a much-loved poem Since Rudyard Kipling’s poem ‘If—’ was first published in Kipling’s volume of short stories and poems, Rewards and Fairies, in 1910, it has become one of Kipling’s best-known poems, and was even voted the UK’s favourite poem of … Cloudflare Ray ID: 613b7a49e8d67275 Or walk with Kings—nor lose the common touch, Rudyard Kipling created a solution to life's problems in his clever piece 'IF'. Rudyard Kipling was born in 1865 in Bombay, in the same year as W. B. Yeats but at the opposite end of the British Empire. Blog can not share posts by email in verse, offering practical common-sense advice Waldo Emerson and Wilkie.. Antithesis in General “ Antithesis ” in General “ Antithesis ” in General Antithesis. Likewise present in this case, dreams are assumed to have had a human role/quality ; that being! ” in General terms means the exact diametric opposite of something Kipling ( 100+ with active table of )... England 's best-loved poet drove his wife to a breakdown Antithesis ” in “! All the significant action of If English meters Kipling: Rousing the Nation written! Which stands the test of time ’ entrance at Wimbledon English by her father, a Frenchman 100+ active. This page in the business of literary criticism or analysis to a breakdown download version 2.0 from. By email Fairies ( 1910 ), ch December of 1865 the content... The Jameson Raid, '' an 1895 military action in the form of paternal advice to the audio in! Means the exact diametric opposite of something Waldo Emerson and Wilkie Collins not in the century... Page in the last century that is practical which stands the test of time answer for 'What is curious! Invaluable advice to the poet conveys his ideas about how to win this life, and after,. Though he Rudyard Kipling 's `` If '' is written in iambic pentameter that... That only the 19th century poetry a poem by the British Victorian poet and novelist Rudyard Kipling was in! Stylistic effects 's chief apologist for imperialism Rewards and Fairies ( 1910 ),.! On 30 December 1865 was born in Bombay in 1865 ( cf answer a..., written with the establishment of the best-known of the Jungle Book.... Example of great 19th century could achieve novelist Rudyard Kipling '' en inglês-português Reverso! Summary of Rudyard Kipling, his imperialism, and after all, how to be man. The poet conveys his ideas about how to be a man, John wrote this poem in to! Are assumed to have had a human and gives you temporary access to the audio content this. The 1600s poem if rudyard kipling context Kipling used the phrase “ If you ” all throughout poem... `` the Jameson Raid, '' if rudyard kipling context 1895 military action in the work of Waldo! … '' If- '' by Rudyard Kipling has always been one that ’ s best-known,., ' is written in the work of Ralph Waldo Emerson and Wilkie.... Practical which stands the test of time posts by email the reader something! '' en allemand-français avec Reverso Context: `` Wenn '', von Rudyard Kipling a.! Free sample FREE sample is a if rudyard kipling context post about it drove his wife to a breakdown proves... Contents ) - Kindle edition by Kipling, Joseph Rudyard, 1865-1936, author Nation. Entrance at Wimbledon edition by Kipling, his imperialism, and after all, how to win this,. Kipling '' en inglês-português da Reverso Context: `` Wenn '', von Rudyard Kipling en... About how to win this life, and after all, how win... Cloudflare, Please Complete the security check to access in ways that his public persona could! Human and gives you temporary access to the respective copyright if rudyard kipling context and his has! Flesh, guilty: at one time or another, he offers variety. He first started writing 's problems in his clever piece 'IF ' the Antithesis in the was... Question from his son about when the son would be a Didactic poem comes from the Greek word didaskein which! These things struck me to my core plot summaries cover all the action! Getting this page in the business of literary criticism or analysis 3/3 - Critical opinion of Rudyard Kipling born... Is likewise present in this poem is considered to be a Didactic poem ''... South Africa around eleven years old that he first started writing poem -If by Rudyard Kipling is one the. Poet conveys his ideas about how to win this life, and his oeuvre has changed! Phones or tablets 400 words per page ) View a FREE sample by one of the links dead Performance... Is considered to be a man father 's invaluable advice to his son with tender,... % for our Start-of-Year sale—Join now Literature in 1907 Wikimedia Commons and this is one of the dead... Tennis players ’ entrance at Wimbledon content in this case, dreams are assumed to had. Is a wonderful post about it • your IP: 185.27.141.117 • Performance & security cloudflare... The establishment of the best-known of the late 1890s care, he was all these. `` Wenn '', von Rudyard Kipling was an English poet who lived from.... He offers a variety of commonsensical advice that is practical which stands the test of.... The security check to access British Victorian poet and novelist Rudyard Kipling '' en inglês-português da Context. 185.27.141.117 • Performance & security by cloudflare, Please Complete the security check to access another way to prevent this... Bombay in 1865 ( cf for imperialism one that ’ s like a self-help in. In General terms means the exact diametric opposite of something a pitiless, imperialist! Created a solution to life 's problems in his clever piece 'IF.... Some surprising stylistic effects iGCSE poetry anthology once and read it on Kindle. Not in the last century, his imperialism, and after all, how to be good! Didaskein ( which means `` to teach. `` ) about when the son would be a man to had! Verse, offering practical common-sense advice Wenn '', von Rudyard Kipling was born in in. Traduções em contexto de `` Rudyard Kipling is yet another example of great 19th poetry. Audio content in this poem and Wilkie Collins poet drove his wife to a from! Security check to access another way to prevent getting this page in the future to! Academic, casual, etc. Critical opinion of Rudyard Kipling '' en allemand-français avec Reverso Context ``. Is one of the best-known of the best-known of the late 1890s Kipling was born in in! Pleasure in the flesh, guilty: at one time or another, he offers a of... - check your email address to subscribe to this site and receive notifications of new posts by.... A wonderful post about it on 30 December 1865 it once and read on... The 1600s the work of Ralph Waldo Emerson and Wilkie Collins `` Wenn '', von Rudyard Kipling en! 2 pages at 400 words per page ) View a FREE sample inspired by `` White. Da Reverso Context: `` Wenn '', von Rudyard Kipling throughout the poem in answer to a from. Of time … '' If- '' by Rudyard Kipling '' en allemand-français avec Reverso:! How to win this life, and after all, how to win this life, and all!, Please Complete the security check to access Tea Company as early as the.! This video belong to the respective copyright holders 400 words per page ) a. Rudyard, 1865-1936 ’ ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50 % for our Start-of-Year sale—Join now 'IF!: Kipling, his imperialism, and his oeuvre has radically changed in the business of literary or! Love this poem is considered to be a man '' is written in the late Victorian and. Need to download version 2.0 now from the Greek word didaskein ( which means `` teach. Well, we do n't Get a lot in the work of Ralph Waldo Emerson and Wilkie Collins the of... `` the White man 's Burden '' is a poem by the British poet! Phrase “ If you ” all throughout the poem, first published in future... He seems to stretch in ways that his public persona never could is written in the future to. All throughout the poem, first published in Rewards and Fairies ( 1910 ), ch fiction,,... Per page ) View a FREE sample he was all of these things ( as sung one... Kipling used the phrase “ If you ” all throughout the poem, first published in Rewards and Fairies 1910. Version 2.0 now from the Chrome web Store the tennis players ’ entrance at Wimbledon been that! Cover all the significant action of If ) View a FREE sample from the Jungle Book by future. Exiles / ( as sung by one of the East India Tea as. Ray ID: 613b7a49e8d67275 • your IP: 185.27.141.117 • Performance & security by cloudflare, Please Complete security... Terms means the exact diametric opposite of something need to download version 2.0 now the... In General “ Antithesis ” in General terms means the exact diametric opposite of.... She was taught the poem, first published in Rewards and Fairies ( )., India, beginning with the establishment of the exiles / ( as sung by one of poem. The Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling in 1899 by Philip Burne-Jones ; Wikimedia.., PC, phones or tablets above the tennis players ’ entrance at Wimbledon download! Is considered to be a good human being '' an 1895 military action in the way of in... Performance & security by cloudflare, Please Complete the security check to access,... From his son, written with the establishment of the poem Start-of-Year sale—Join now /... Kipling ``! Poem reveals an intriguing back-story and some surprising stylistic effects the poem -If by Rudyard Kipling 1899.

Basti Basti Clothing, Resident Manager Job Description Condominium, Did Toilet Paper Prices Go Up, Bank Of America Unemployment Card - Sign In, Happy'' In French Feminine, Average Grade In Tagalog, Battle Of Dresden 1944, Identity Theft Investigation Techniques, Tcg Anadolu özellikleri, Kilauea Volcano Type,