[17], The American poet Sylvia Plath (1932–1963) acknowledged that the poem Daddy (1962) is about a woman, afflicted with an unresolved Electra complex, who conflates her dead father and derelict husband in dealing with having been emotionally abandoned. When a girl's initial sexual attachment to her mother ends upon discovering that she has no penis, she then transfers her libidinal desire (sexual attachment) to her father and increases sexual competition with her mother. David Susman, PhD is a licensed clinical psychologist with experience providing treatment to individuals with mental illness and substance use concerns. [16], Portrayals of Electra in Ancient Greece did not generally present her devotion to her father as sexually motivated; however, since the early twentieth century, adaptations of the Electra story have often presented the character as exhibiting incestuous desires. The Electra complex is not widely accepted among mental health professionals today, who often view Freud's ideas about psychosexual development as outdated and sexist since they rely on century-old gender roles. [citation needed], The psychodynamic nature of the daughter–mother relationship in the Electra complex derives from penis envy, caused by the mother, who also caused the girl's castration; however, upon re-aligning her sexual attraction to her father (heterosexuality), the girl represses the hostile female competition, for fear of losing the love of her mother. The Electra complex is a term used to describe the female version of the Oedipus complex. Freud also believed that boys begin to view their fathers as a rival for the mother’s affections. [15] In the course of infantile socialization, fairy tales fulfill said function; boys and girls identify with the hero and heroine in the course of their adventures. This can happen at any time after the age of 5, with shorter mean time to fire as a child and longer time to fire as an adult. León Villacrés, K. A., & Torres Rivera, I. M. (2015). Le désir d'enfant, à l'âge adulte, ne serait alors chez la femme qu'une simple sublimation du désir de pénis ressenti dans l'enfance. Fiction affords people the opportunity to identify with the protagonists of fantastic stories depicting what might be if they could act upon their desires. What is the Electra Complex? By using Verywell Mind, you accept our. Electra at the Tomb of Agamemnon, by Frederic Leighton, c.1869. [10][2], In forming a discrete sexual identity (ego), a girl's decisive psychosexual experience is the Electra complex—daughter–mother competition for possession of the father. Eventually, Jung resigned from his psychoanalytic affiliations and acrimony grew between the two men. Electra Complex. L’histoire d’Électre Lorsque Jung s’est centré sur le complexe d’Œdipe pour découvrir sa variante fille- père, il a dû avoir recours à la mythologie grecque pour chercher des réponses et lui donner un nom qui serait fidèle à sa définition. Freud, however, believed that girls instead experience penis envy.As you might guess from the name, this stage involves fixation on the penis. tous les mots les mots exacts n'importe quels mots . As a psychoanalytic term for daughter–mother psychosexual conflict, the Electra complex derives from the Greek mythologic character Electra, who plotted matricidal revenge with Orestes, her brother, against Clytemnestra, their mother, and Aegisthus, their stepfather, for their murder of Agamemnon, their father (cf. Moreover, after the phallic stage, the girl's psychosexual development includes transferring her primary erogenous zone from the infantile clitoris to the adult vagina. Of course, if you really don't feel like waiting, you can open up the console commands and typing in "event oedipustime.1". Often, in aid to promoting social conformity, the myth, story, stage play, or film presents a story meant to frighten people from acting upon their desires. It's a classic Electra complex. Such fixations, Freud believed, often led to anxiety and played a role in neurosis and maladaptive behaviors in adulthood. In 1912, the concept of Electra would serve to illustrate girls’ early fixation on their parents. But certain traits can also affect the mean time to fire, as well as having the family or seduction focus. If something goes wrong during any of these stages, a fixation at that point in development might occur. Electra complex was named after it. It's a classic Electra complex. Cet engouement la conduit à rivaliser avec sa mère, la considérant comme une rivale.. Ce phénomène est résolu lorsque la fille commence à craindre de perdre l'amour de sa mère et commence à s'identifier à elle. Le complexe Electra peut être compris comme la version féminine du complexe d'Œdipe, mais ce n'est pas exactement comme ça. Freud referred to a daughter's tendency to compete with her mother for possession of her father as the feminine Oedipus attitude or the negative Oedipus complex. Eventually, this resentment leads the daughter to identify with her mother and incorporate many of the same personality characteristics into her ego. [11] It is in the phallic stage (ages 3–6), when children become aware of their bodies, the bodies of other children, and the bodies of their parents that they gratify physical curiosity by undressing and exploring each other and their genitals—the erogenous center—of the phallic stage; thereby learning the physical gender differences between male and female, "boy" and "girl". On their self-titled album, the alternative music group Ludo have a song titled, "Electra's Complex". The Electra complex can be defined as the stage when girls compete with their mother to get their father’s full attention. As a result, Freud believed that the girl then begins to identify with and emulate her mother out of fear of losing her love. The Electra complex is a psychoanalytic term for a young girl between 3 to 6 years of age who has a feeling of competition with her mother and feels affection for her father. According to Freud, during female psychosexual development, a young girl is initially attached to her mother. This pathology has been known since ancient times and it still has not lost its relevance. The Oedipus complex comes from the Oedipus myth of Sophocles, from classical Greek mythology. Freud developed the underlying ideas of the Electra complex, although he did not term it as such. For other uses, see, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "On the prognostic significance of the mental content in manic-depressive psychosis", Aion: Researches into the Phenomenology of the Self, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Electra_complex&oldid=994958797, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 12:46. To resolve the conflict, these urges and desires must first be repressed from conscious memory. The first defense mechanism is repression, the blocking of memories, emotional impulses, and ideas from the conscious mind; yet it does not resolve the Id–Ego conflict. Sigmund Freud instead proposed that girls and boys resolved their complexes differently—she via penis envy, he via castration anxiety; and that unsuccessful resolutions might lead to neurosis. Moreover, stories such as Cinderella have two maternal figures, the stepmother (society) and the fairy godmother; stepmother represents the girl's feelings towards mother; the fairy godmother teaches the girl that her mother loves her, thus, to have mother's love, the girl must emulate the good Cinderella, not the wicked stepsisters. The Electra complex is a psychoanalytic term used to describe a girl's sense of competition with her mother for the affections of her father. Jung CG. Electra is one of the most popular mythological characters in tragedies. Another psychologist, Carl Jung, coined “the Electra Complex” in 1913 to describe a similar sensation in girls. Ἠλέκτρα; lat. A number of defense mechanisms play a role in resolving the Electra complex. Cornell University Press, 2005. Often, in aid to promoting social conformity, the myth, story, stage play, or film presents a story meant to frighten people from acting upon their desires. Freud also suggested that when a young girl discovers she does not have a penis, she develops "penis envy" and begins to resent her mother for "sending her into the world so insufficiently equipped.". It is said to be the female counterpart to the Oedipus complex in males. Often, the travails of hero and heroine are caused by an evil stepmother wh… A fixation is a persistent focus on an earlier psychosexual stage. Casos patológicos: Complejos de Edipo y Electra. Psychological Fixations and How They Develop. That said, research does show that children learn about gender roles and sexuality from their parents. Voyons cela en détail dans cet article. The Electra Complex-- Selected Poems of Anne Sexton and Sylvia Plath (Paper 12) Sanchari Sengupta M.A. How Do Erikson's and Freud's Theories Compare? They can then make treatment recommendations to address sexual behavior problems. In 1920, he said, “I do not see any advance or gain in the introduction of the term ‘Electra Complex, and do not advocate its use.” A few years later, Freud reasserted that … At this age, children also begin to discover the differences between males and females. In Neo-Freudian psychology, the Electra complex, as proposed by Carl Jung in his Theory of Psychoanalysis,[1][2] is a girl's psychosexual competition with her mother for possession of her father. Sign up to find out more in our Healthy Mind newsletter. [12], In both sexes, defense mechanisms provide transitory resolutions of the conflicts between the drives of the Id and the drives of the ego. In classical psychoanalytic theory, the child's identification with the same-sex parent is the successful resolution of the Electra complex and of the Oedipus complex; his and her key psychological experience to developing a mature sexual role and identity. Freud S. Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality. The term Electra complex has been used to describe a similar set of feelings experienced by young girls. The Electra complex is thought to take place during the phallic stage, ages 3 to 6, of psychosexual development, during which time daughters spend more time with their fathers, flirting and practicing sexual behaviors without sexual contact. The complex originates in early childhood and prevents a woman as an adult from building a normal family. Electra complex. The Electra Complex (termed as Daddy Issues, in adult women) is a girl’s psychosexual contesting with her mother for the possession and attention of her father. The Electra complex is an ambiguous psychiatric concept which attempts to explain the maturation of the human female. Cependant, si le complexe d'Œdipe permet l'expression radicale de l'attirance à l'égard de la mère et d'hostilité à l'égard du père, au contraire, dans le complexe d'Électre, cette expression se teinte toujours d'ambivalence. Electra by Sophocles: As the literature from which the very name of the condition stemmed, Electra is an important work for a number of reasons. In the course of infantile socialization, fairy tales fulfill said function; boys and girls identify with the hero and heroinein the course of their adventures. Overview of the Electra Complex in Psychology, Ⓒ 2021 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved. Cherchez des exemples de traductions Complexe d’Électre dans des phrases, écoutez à la prononciation et apprenez la grammaire. Le complexe Electra est l'obsession amoureuse d'une fille pour son père âgé de 4 à 6 ans. This process also allows the daughter to internalize her mother's morality into her super-ego, which ultimately directs her to follow the rules of her parents and society. penis envy), either as an unusually seductive woman (high self-esteem) or as an unusually submissive woman (low self-esteem). Electra) dans la mythologie grecque. Freud described the feminine Oedipus attitude complex as a daughter's longing for her father and competition with her mother. S'il est vrai que la situation de départ est semblable, l'attirance de la fille pour le père et que cet amour du père suscite une rivalité avec la mère, il existe des différences entre la théorie du complexe d'Œdipe et celle du complexe. The Theory of Psychoanalysis. How Psychoanalysis Influenced the Field of Psychology, Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis Study Guide, 10 Things You Might Not Know About Sigmund Freud, Why Anna Freud Is One of the Most Important Psychologists in History, What Personality Theories in Psychology May Tell You About Yours, Sigmund Freud's Psychoanalytic Theories in Psychology, How the Field of Psychology Defines Libido, Sabina Spielrein, One of the First Female Psychoanalysts. de Electra. [7][8][9] Freud rejected Jung's term as psychoanalytically inaccurate: "that what we have said about the Oedipus complex applies with complete strictness to the male child only, and that we are right in rejecting the term 'Electra complex', which seeks to emphasize the analogy between the attitude of the two sexes". While the term "Electra complex" is frequently associated with Sigmund Freud, it was actually Carl Jung who coined the term in 1913. afficher. Ever wonder what your personality type means? Part II Roll No. Freud rejected the term and described it as an attempt "to emphasize the analogy between the attitude of the two sexes.". Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author, educational consultant, and speaker focused on helping students learn about psychology. The second defense mechanism is identification, by which the child incorporates, to his or her ego, the personality characteristics of the same-sex parent; in so adapting, the girl facilitates identifying with mother, because she understands that, in being females, neither of them possesses a penis, thus are not antagonists. Are You Familiar with These Important Facts About Child Abuse? It is the primal id (a component of personality present from birth) that demands the child to possess her father and compete with her mother. Plusieurs personnages portent le nom d'Électre (Gr. In a boy, a phallic-stage fixation might lead him to become a vain, over-ambitious man. [citation needed], A 1921 study of patients at a New York state mental hospital, On the Prognostic Significance of the Mental Content in Manic-Depressive Psychosis, reported that of 31 manic-depressive patients studied, 22 (70%) had been diagnosed as afflicted with an Electra complex; and that 12 of the 22 patients had regressed to early stages of psychosexual development. ① Électre est la fille d'Agamemnon, roi de Mycènes, et de la reine Clytemnestre.Après le meurtre d'Agamemnon par Clytemnestre et son amant Egisthe, Électre put se sauver, et réussit à amener son frère Oreste, en le cachant sous robe, à la cour du roi Strophios, en Phocide. Can also affect the mean time to fire, as the stage when compete... Freudian theory, an important part of the Electra complex can be defined as the girl establishes a discrete identity... Children also begin to discover the differences between males and females, Carl Jung Controversial ideas fixation at point... 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